1929 - The Great Depression began as the stock market collapsed. Many companies went out of business resulting in an economic chaos that lasted until WWII.
1998 - In London, Tom Cruise and Nicole Kidman accepted a substantial settlement from the Express Newspapers for an article that was run on October 5, 1997. The article claimed that both were homosexual and their marriage was a sham to cover the truth.
1969 - The U.S. Supreme Court ordered an immediate end to all school segregation.
1960 - Muhammad Ali (Cassius Clay) won his first professional fight.
1945 - The first ballpoint pens to be made commercially went on sale at Gimbels Department Store in New York at the price of $12.50 each.
1923 - Turkey formally became a republic after the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire. The first president was Mustafa Kemal, later known as Kemal Ataturk.
1682 - William Penn landed at what is now Chester, PA. He was the founder of Pennsylvania.
1652 - The Massachusetts Bay Colony proclaimed itself to be an independent commonwealth.
1618 - Sir Walter Raleigh was beheaded under a sentence that had been brought against him 15 years earlier for conspiracy against King James I.