1959 - The first synthetic diamonds were manufactured.
2001 - "Toys "R" Us Times Square - The Center of the Toy Universe" opened in New York City.
1988 - Benazir Bhutto became the first woman leader of an Islamic country. She was elected in the first democratic elections in Pakistan in 11 years.
1973 - U.S. President Nixon told an Associated Press managing editors meeting in Orlando, FL, "people have got to know whether or not their president is a crook. Well, I'm not a crook."
1970 - The Soviet Union landed an unmanned, remote-controlled vehicle on the moon, the Lunokhod 1. The vehicle was released by Luna 17.
1962 - Washington's Dulles International Airport was dedicated by U.S. President Kennedy.
1922 - Siberia voted for union with the U.S.S.R.
1913 - In Germany, Kaiser Wilhelm banned the armed forces from dancing the tango.
1913 - The steamship Louise became the first ship to travel through the Panama Canal.
1869 - The Suez Canal opened in Egypt, linking the Mediterranean and the Red seas.
1796 - Catherine the Great of Russia died at the age of 67.